6 Important Precision Machining And Fabrication Processes

January 27, 2022
6 Important Precision Machining And Fabrication Processes

Precision machining and fabrication are an important part of many industries because of their ability to shape, create, and finish quality products. It can be used to create everything from simple nuts and bolts to complex components for aeroplanes and automobiles. The products manufactured using this process are also highly precise and durable when compared to other methods such as forging. That being said, there are multiple ways to execute this manufacturing technique.

Here are 6 fundamental processes used in precision machining and fabrication.



It is a vital process where parts are machined by removing excess material and mainly used for creating cylindrical parts. Turning often creates edges that are not perpendicular to the axis of rotation, and due to this feature, it is often used for facing operations or for cutting square holes. 


In machining, milling is a manufacturing process that produces parts from metal stock. Milling uses a rotating cutting tool called a mill cutter to remove excess material from a machined workpiece. The actual cut takes place by pushing the rotary cutter onto the workpiece.


In boring, a cylindrical volume is removed from a workpiece. The boring process is typically used to create holes of a fixed diameter.


The reaming process is the process of enlarging the hole that the drilling or boring process has drilled. This enlargement is done by forcing a tool with a cylindrical spindle, which can be further rotated into the hole. 


Grinding is a material removal process that shapes materials to the desired contour and leaves a smooth finish on the surface. It does this by using an abrasive wheel that cuts down the excess material. Grinding has a dual function, with the wheel cutting into the surface of the metal and its abrasive surface simultaneously smoothing out any imperfections.


The punching process in machine shop fabrication involves cutting a hole in a piece of metal or other material. The hole may be round, square, triangular, or irregular, depending on the contour of the die. It is a precise and fast method to machine a workpiece.

With a basic knowledge of these processes, you can now pick a method to suit your business needs.

You can always count on us at RWD Tool & Machine to provide you with the best metal fabrication services and machining outputs for all your needs. Contact us today to learn more about everything we can do for you.